Mountain ranges of South America. The following 7 pages are in this category, out of 7 total. This list may not reflect recent changes learn more. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. See also: Category:Mountains of South America.
Skirting their southern edge, the Serra do Mar has summits of more than 7, feet 2, metres in elevation. Mounatin Mountain ranges of South America. Nevado de Illimani 6,m. Trekking to Machu Picchu is a right of passage for intrepid travellers. The collision or convergence of two of these plates—the continental South American Plate and the oceanic Nazca Plate —gave rise to the orogenic mountain-building activity Mountain ranges in latin america produced the Andes. The Brazilian Highlands are located along lafin east coast of Brazil.
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Hottest Questions. Maxtor drives suck elegant island has to offer anything Mluntain visitor might dream of. The Lesser Antilles are the smaller islands in the region southeast of Puerto Rico. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Today, this resource is mainly an export that is shipped elsewhere for industrial Mountain ranges in latin america. Venezuela rangea Mexico have major oil reserves. Trinidad has discovered vast reserves of natural gas. See also: List of the ultra-prominent summits of Central America. Doyle's Delight   . Alvor Mountain ranges in latin america a traditional Portuguese fishing village formerly a ,atin settlement which has developed into a small quaint resort; it remains The longest mountain range in the world above sea level is the Andesconsisting of several subranges. The several sharp peaks which caused by erosion also known as the major characteristic of the mountain ranges. New factories have turned Trinidad into a major exporter of methanol and ammonia. South America: Cities.
The ranges of the Andes Mountains , about 5, miles 8, km long and second only to the Himalayas in average elevation, constitute a formidable and continuous barrier, with many summits exceeding 20, feet 6, metres.
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- This article comprises three sortable tables of major mountain peaks  of Central America.
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The ranges of the Andes Mountains , about 5, miles 8, km long and second only to the Himalayas in average elevation, constitute a formidable and continuous barrier, with many summits exceeding 20, feet 6, metres. The Venezuelan Andes—the northernmost range of the system—run parallel to the Caribbean Sea coast in Venezuela west of Caracas , before turning to the southwest and entering Colombia.
In Colombia the Andes—which trend generally to the north and south—form three distinct ranges: the Cordilleras Oriental , Central , and Occidental. The valley of the Magdalena River , between the Oriental and the Central ranges, and the valley of the Cauca River , between the Central and the Occidental ranges, are huge rift valleys formed by faulting rather than by erosion.
An aerial view of the Andes in Colombia shows, within relatively short distances, a succession of hot lowlands interspersed with high ranges with snowcapped peaks. In Ecuador the Andes form two parallel cordilleras, one facing the Pacific and the other descending abruptly eastward toward the Amazon basin, crowned by towering peaks. Between the ranges lies a series of high basins.
South of Lima , Peru , and extending through western Bolivia , the Andes branch into two distinct ranges. Between them lies the Altiplano , a vast complex of high plateaus between about 12, and 15, feet 3, and 4, metres in elevation and as much as miles km wide.
The Altiplano forms a maze of depressions, hills, and vast plains without equivalent except in Tibet. Water accumulates in closed basins to form marshes and lakes, the largest of which is Lake Titicaca on the border of Peru and Bolivia.
That central region of the Andes has been dissected by several rivers, all of which have cut spectacular gorges down the eastern slopes. In southern Chile part of the cordillera descends beneath the sea, forming innumerable islands with steep slopes. The Andes have been deeply carved by glaciers, particularly in the south.
Ice masses still occupy some 1, square miles 4, square km , constituting a huge ice cap with long terminal tongues running into piedmont lakes or into the sea. The Andes are studded with numerous volcanoes that are part of the Circum-Pacific volcanic chain, often called the Ring of Fire. Earthquakes are frequent. Almost every major city has been devastated at least once by earthquake, even along the coastal plains, where clear signs of recent vertical movement are visible.
To the north and east, the Guiana and Brazilian highlands consist of ancient crystalline rocks greatly worn through prolonged erosion.
The Guiana Highlands are mostly below elevations of 1, feet metres , with small rises separated by marshy depressions. Occasional dome-shaped granitic inselbergs steep-sided residual hills —some 2, feet metres in elevation—surmount the landscape. The southern edge rises abruptly to a series of mountain chains and high tablelands tepuis , in which the highest summit is Mount Roraima 9, feet [2, metres]. Covering an area of about , square miles 1,, square km , the Brazilian Highlands also called the Brazilian Plateau rise to an average elevation of about 3, feet metres and are crowned by numerous sierras ranges.
Included in that region is Bandeira Peak 9, feet [2, metres] , one of the highest points in Brazil. In the north the highlands slope gently to the sea, but in the east they drop abruptly, as much as 2, feet metres within a few miles. Skirting their southern edge, the Serra do Mar has summits of more than 7, feet 2, metres in elevation.
The sea has partly invaded the lower sections of the original coastal ranges and formed Guanabara Bay , which includes the harbour of Rio de Janeiro. In the far south, Patagonia constitutes a series of vast tablelands that rise, terracelike, from the Atlantic to the Andes and are covered with rounded pebbles and crumbling sandstones.
Geologically recent volcanic eruptions have spread sheets of basaltic lava over large parts of southern Patagonia and have dotted the sedimentary plateaus with volcanic cones. The Orinoco River basin is nearly coextensive with the Llanos. It lies between the Venezuelan Andes and the Guiana Highlands and is covered with alluvia brought down by the Andean torrents. The Amazonian depression, the largest river basin in the world, forms an enormous region, bounded by the Andes to the west, the Guiana Highlands to the north, and the Brazilian Highlands to the south.
The ancient platform of Precambrian rock underlying the depression is covered with deep layers of alluvial sand and clay, so that it forms an immense plain of low undulations, the general eastward incline being extremely slight. The river port of Iquitos , Peru, which is about 2, miles 4, km from the Atlantic Ocean , is at an elevation of only feet metres , while Manaus , Brazil, far downstream in the heart of the basin, has an elevation of feet 44 metres.
The basin of the Paraguay River , between the Bolivian Andes in the west and the Brazilian Highlands in the east, consists of a series of alluvial plains drained by a complex network of rivers interspersed with marshes. To the east, the marshes are called the Pantanal. They are only a few hundred feet above sea level.
Annual flooding during the rainy season about November through March causes an immense swamp to form. The extensive plains west of the river, called the Gran Chaco , generally are arid. The Pampas of Argentina, covering almost , square miles , square km , consist of a thick accumulation of loose sediments brought down from the Andes. Those deposits, some 1, feet metres deep at Buenos Aires and even deeper in other places, have completely buried the ancient features of the land.
The landscape seems perfectly level, although it actually rises imperceptibly toward the west—from near sea level at Buenos Aires to 2, feet metres at Mendoza. South America. Article Media. Info Print Print. Table Of Contents. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback. Load Previous Page. The Andes Mountains The ranges of the Andes Mountains , about 5, miles 8, km long and second only to the Himalayas in average elevation, constitute a formidable and continuous barrier, with many summits exceeding 20, feet 6, metres.
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Asia: Physical Features. Asked in Mountains Name three major ranges and the continents on which they are found? You can access the Seterra online quiz site using your computer, phone, or tablet running the latest version of most web browsers, including Safari, Firefox, Chrome, and Internet Explorer. Alvor is a traditional Portuguese fishing village formerly a Roman settlement which has developed into a small quaint resort; it remains There are many mountain ranges spread in this world and became the perfect place for mountain climbers to visit. South America has wide plains that offer rich soil for growing crops and grasses for grazing livestock.
Mountain ranges in latin america. Related Questions
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Asked in Mountains Name three major ranges and the continents on which they are found? There are many major mountain ranges in the world. Asked in Mountains, Turkmenistan Are there any major mountain ranges in Turkmenistan? The provincial capital of the Algarve, Faro is a modern, lively city with attractive shopping precincts, good restaurants and a frenetic n Galapagos Islands Ecuador.
Situated on the equator miles off the west coast of South America, the Galapagos Islands were born of volcanic activity Walt Disney World in Orlando, Florida is not just a theme park, but a huge resort complex covering 47 square miles. The resort contains f Mallorca Spain Travel Guide.
This elegant island has to offer anything a visitor might dream of. Tourism at Mallorca started to develop already in the s, and until Carvoeiro Algarve Portugal. Carvoeiro is 36 miles west of Faro and airport, it is 10 mls E of Portimao. The resort is south west facing, in a generally hilly area Alvor Algarve Portugal.
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Category:Mountain ranges of South America - Wikimedia Commons
South America is found in the western hemisphere. Most of the continent is in the southern hemisphere, although some parts of the northern part of the continent fall in the northern hemisphere. The section in the northern hemisphere includes Venezuela, Guyana, French Guiana, Suriname, parts of Brazil, parts of Ecuador, and nearly all of Colombia. Sometimes, the dividing line is considered to be the Panama Canal. By some classifications, South America is seen as a subcontinent of the Americas.
South America has an area of 17,, km 2 or almost South America is almost twice as big as Europe by land area, and is marginally larger than Russia. South America has coastline that measures around 25, km. South America has a population of more than ,, with a population density of 21 people per km 2. With Brazil is the largest country in South America, containing 8,, square kilometres.
Brazil has a coastline of 7, squared kilometers. Brazil borders nearly every country in South America, excluding only Ecuador and Chile. The land area of Brazil represents Suriname is the smallest country in South America. The country covers a total of , square kilometres. South America has a total of 12 countries and three dependencies:.
A number of trade agreements exist within South America. Mercosur is an international agreement that exists to promote free trade between certain countries on the continent.
Its full members are Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay. Other organizations include the Union of South America Nations, which consists of 12 countries and has its headquarters in Quito, Ecuador. The Bolivarian Alliance for the Peoples of Our America is an organization which seeks the social, political, and economic integration of countries in both Latin America and the Caribbean. The topography of South America has been described to resemble a bowl - it has large mountains around its periphery and an interior that is relatively flat.
The continent is mostly made up of lowlands, highlands, and the Andes mountain range, which is the longest mountain range in the world.
The Andean Mountains, or Andes, stretch for nearly 7, km across the continent, from the top to the bottom. The tallest peak in the Andes is Aconcagua in Argentina, which measures 6, It is the tallest mountain found outside of Asia. The Amazon River, which flows from west to east across the north-central portion of South America, is the world's largest river in terms of discharge volume.
By some definitions, the Amazon River is also the longest river in the world - while the Nile River is generally considered to be the world's longest, some studies suggest an alternative source for the Amazon River, which would actually make it the world's longest. The Amazon Basin Amazonia is covered by the largest tropical rain forest in the world, and running through its heart is the Amazon River and its more than 1, tributaries, seven of them more than 1, miles in length.
Measurable rain falls on an average of days a year here, and total rainfall often approaches inches per year. Sparsely populated and positioned high into the Andes of Chile , this somewhat small desert or plateau is a cold place, and one of the few deserts on Earth that doesn't receive any rain. It's approximately miles wide and miles long. The landscape is totally barren and covered with small borax lakes, lava flow remnants and saline deposits.
The Brazilian Highlights cover about 1,, square miles in eastern, central, and southern Brazil. The highlands have an average elevation of 1, metres above sea level. Due to extensive geographical coverage, the highlands are subdivided into the Atlantic, Southern and Central plateaus each with different climatic conditions as well as flora and fauna.
It covers 18, square miles and has a population of over , people. Bananal Island, also in Brazil, is the third largest island in South America, covering 7, South America is home to a range of climate classifications, from equatorial to tundra. In the north of the continent, near Colombia and Venezuela, weather conditions are generally wet and humid. The same thing goes for areas close to the Equator, including the Amazon Rainforest.
Trade winds regulate temperatures in the northeast of the continent, meaning that the climates in Suriname, French Guiana, and Guyana are considerably cooler than their neighbors to the west. In areas of north Argentina and Paraguay, which fall near the Tropic of Capricorn, rainfall is sparse and temperatures tend to be warm. The west coast of the continent, particularly in Chile, tends to be dry and hot in the summer, with snowfall on the mountains in the winter. In the extreme south of Argentina, there is a sub arctic climate.
As a general rule, the further south you travel, the cooler the temperatures are although temperatures can be quite low in the mountainous regions of the continent as well. South America is extremely biodiverse, with numerous unique species of flora and fauna. Some of the most well-known animals that are unique to South America include the world's largest rodent, the capybara, the world's largest flying bird, the Andean condor, and one of the world's largest butterflies, the blur morpho.
A megadiverse country is a country who is home to the majority of the world's extant species, and has a significant number of endemic species.
There are a number of active territory disputes in South America. Some of these include Guayana Esequiba, which has Guyanese administration but is claimed by Venezuela. The Gulf of Venezuela is currently claimed by both Colombia and Venezuela.
The gulf is an important link between both the Caribbean Sea and Lake Maracaibo, the latter of which contains a large amount of crude oil in its basin. Following a period of urbanization that began in the s, South America today is one of the world's most urbanized continents.
South America is a multilingual continent. By total population, the most popular languages are Portuguese and Spanish. Portuguese is mostly spoken in Brazil, which is the most populated country on the continent. French is spoken in the overseas department of France, French Guiana.
Dutch is spoken in Suriname. Guyana is the only country in South America with English as the official language. A significant number of indigenous languages are also spoken in South America. The most commonly spoken indigenous language is Quechua, followed by Guarani and Aymara.
In countries towards the northern part of the continent, such as Peru, Ecuador and even Bolivia, Quechua languages are more common. In Argentina and Bolivia, and especially in Paraguay, Guarani languages are most often spoken. Other indigenous languages include Aymara, spoken in Bolivia and Peru, and Wayuu, spoken in northern Colombia and northwest Venezuela. Mapudungun is the name of a language spoken in Chile and Argentina.
South America is predominantly a continent of Christians. However, nearly half of the continent's population proclaims itself to be non-practicing. Every country in South America recognizes the separation of church and state. Many of these flags share similarities due to a shared colonial past full of Spanish and Portuguese influence. The flags of Ecuador, Colombia, and Venezuela are particularly similar as they were modelled after the flag of the former state of Gran Colombia.
Some flags, such as that of Bolivia, celebrate indigenous culture. Click on the individual country flag to learn more about its design and meaning. There are some anthropological signs that point back to humans inhabiting South America since at least the year BCE.
Throughout South America's early history of human inhabitants, it was widely an agrarian society, meaning that its residents survived off of the land, using staples such as fish and beans for food. Animals like llamas and alpacas were also domesticated around this time. From this agrarian society, early civilizations were born.
Out of the settlements that we are today aware of, the earliest ones were in what is modern day Peru. In later decades, societies such as that of the Incha civilization and the Mapuche, which actually refers to a diverse group of indigenous residents who lived in what is today known as Argentina and Chile.
It was the approval of the Treaty of Tordesillas in that led European explorers to South America. The Treaty of Tordesillas was signed with the intention of allocating land in South America to both Spain and Portugal. With this treaty, all of the land west of the Cape Verde Islands was to go to Spain. However, due to the lack of precision of the era's geography tools, this distinction was not easily enforceable, nor was it always followed.
This is why the area that we know now today as Brazil was colonized by the Portuguese. Unfortunately, European settlers brought with them diseases like typhus, influenza and smallpox. The native inhabitants of South America did not have the proper immunities to fight these diseases, and many populations perished as a result. As a way to fill the gap in the forced workforce in places like mines, factories, and plantations, enslaved people from Africa were brought over by colonies predominantly controlled by French, Portuguese, and Spanish settlers.
The number of enslaved people brought over from Africa to South America during this time is estimated to be around five million. The 19th century saw a great push for independence and decolonization in South America, with every country having gained independence by The 20th century brought with it military regimes and corruption, as well as a crippling debt crisis.
However, it was during this time that South America also underwent a great period of industrialization and advancement. Today, South America is flourishing.
The continent's magnificent natural landscape attracts millions of visitors every year, and tourism numbers continue to increase as international flight connections become more available. Economic expectations appear equally optimistic, as South America is on course to become one of the world's next financial powerhouses. A current climate of political stability - with a few expectations - also helps secure South America's promising future. Countries Brazil is the largest country in South America, containing 8,, square kilometres.
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