The music of Latin America refers to music originating from Latin America , namely the Romance -speaking countries and territories of the Americas and the Caribbean south of the United States. During the 20th century, many styles were influenced by the music of the United States giving rise to genres such as Latin pop , rock , jazz , hip hop , and reggaeton. Geographically, it usually refers to the Spanish and Portuguese-speaking regions of Latin America,  but sometimes includes Francophone countries and territories of the Caribbean and South America as well. It also encompasses Latin American styles that have originated in the United States such as salsa and Tejano. The tango is perhaps Argentina's best-known musical genre, famous worldwide.
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You can change your ad preferences anytime. Pregnant wearing a bikinia term designating dance, songor both, could be used to describe a song of Music of latin american memorializing the life of an emperor or a local chief. Learn how and when to remove these template messages. Specific terms distinguished between correct and incorrect singing and between low and high voice. The tour launched 28 September at the Mark G. Upcoming SlideShare. Lesbian seven is commonly spelled as it is pronounced as kompa. It also packs one hell of a rhythm that lends itself to Music of latin american dance-rock. The song went on to become the highest—selling single of the 21st century and became Shakira's first number-one single on the Billboard Hotin addition to reaching number one in over 50 countries. Lyrics generally deal with stories or current events, though some are light-hearted or humorous. There are also regional variations: coastal styles, such as vals similar to Vals Peruano Waltz and montubio music from the coastal hill country. Martin at the Grammy Awards was booked to sing on the show's live TV broadcast. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. SambaSalsaMerengueBachataTimba, and much more, are just some of the rhythms that have been shaped by African beats.
It was all about music.
- Latin American music , musical traditions of Mexico , Central America , and the portions of South America and the Caribbean colonized by the Spanish and the Portuguese.
- Latin American music has long influenced popular American music, including jazz , rhythm and blues , and even country music ; and both Latin American music and American music have been strongly influenced by African music.
- The music of Latin America refers to music originating from Latin America , namely the Romance -speaking countries and territories of the Americas and the Caribbean south of the United States.
- Latin American folk and popular music comprises numerous musical styles and genres that have emerged over time in specific countries or regions.
Music is an important part of understanding the history and people of Latin America. The musical diversity and complexity of Latin America is extraordinary, having developed over centuries as the product of cultural exchange. Prior to European contact, native groups incorporated music and dance as integral parts of daily life, in education, work, and leisure activities.
Song and dance, accompanied by percussion instruments and aerophones made from bones and shells, comprised a large part of religious rituals, ceremonies for rites of passage and harvest, and leisure and work activities throughout the Americas. It functioned as a medium of communication within and between groups and with the spiritual world. Music was part of European expeditions to claim territory in the Americas, and it was quickly incorporated into missionary evangelization efforts.
Dance and musical practice provided opportunities for indigenous cultural maintenance and reinvention within the context of colonialism. The music and liturgy of the mass, devotional songs, liturgical theater, and secular song and dance all gained important places in colonial culture throughout American colonies.
Africans, enslaved and free, brought new rhythms, dances, songs, and musical practices with them to the Americas as well, creating unique syncretic blends of song, dance, and performance. In the 19th century, art music was composed and performed in the urban centers of Latin America, and music was incorporated into newly independent states as part of efforts to define national identity.
Modern music in Latin America continues to reflect the diversity of the history and population of the region. Ethnic groups define themselves through music and dance. Religious music remains an important part of ritual celebrations, particularly processions and festivals of the Catholic Church.
Secular song and dance genres, from son, to salsa, merengue, rumba, and samba gained popularity not only in Latin America but also in the United States and worldwide in the second half of the 20th century.
Music became linked with mass media—first radio, then movies and television, audio recordings, and performances for tourists—reshaping its meaning. This article will consider work by scholars in the fields of music, anthropology, sociology, history, and cultural studies, which looks not only at the musical genres and performers but also at the cultural, political, and economic contexts and meanings.
Overviews of music in Latin America are largely authored by musicologists and ethnomusicologists. These works focus on tracing the development of unique musical genres that have resulted from interethnic contact, and defining the types of music performed in Latin America today.
Succinct introductions to the major genres and themes appear in Seeger and the first chapter of Schechter cited under Textbooks. The former is a concise entry, arranged geographically, while the latter is more extensive and is arranged chronologically. The first major overview of music in Latin America, arranged by historic period and by country in the national period was Chase Multiple authors contributed to the encyclopedic treatments of Latin American music, Kuss and Olsen and Sheehy Music in Latin America: An Introduction.
A historical overview of art music in Latin America from the colonial period through the 20th century. Major genres and composers are discussed, and musical examples are included. Chase, Gilbert. A Guide to the Music of Latin America. New York: AMS, Kuss, Malena, ed.
Austin: University of Texas Press, This encyclopedia set currently includes two volumes with audio examples on compact discs. Volume 1 covers the music and performance of indigenous groups.
The second volume contains essays on music of the Caribbean. Two future volumes are planned; volume three will be a historical overview of major genres, and Volume 4 will include essays on urban popular music.
Olsen, Dale A. New York: Garland, Thorough, illustrated treatment of Latin American music, arranged by country with a historical overview of major periods. Printed version widely available in library reference sections, while online version requires a subscription. Sections on indigenous music, past and present, historical patterns, and contemporary musical practices.
Seeger, Anthony. Edited by Dale A. Olsen and Daniel E. Sheehy, 43— This brief essay provides an excellent introduction to the contexts in which music has been performed throughout Latin America and defines the most important musical genres. Stevenson, Robert, and Christopher Webber. Edited by Alison Latham. Online version requires a subscription.
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These styles originate in the indigenous , European, and African heritage of Latin America ; the particular combination of influences varies by country, region, and social group. The album peaked at number 27 on the Billboard and went number one on the Billboard Latin Charts for a record 20 weeks. For example, the bridge from " St. The Argentine tango was a worldwide success in the s. He not only created the fold rock genre, but opened the door for future generations of Latin stars by refusing to change his last name, when early record execs scoffed at the idea of a Lopez making a name in the largely Anglo radio and TV world.
Music of latin american. Pre-Columbian patterns
The Musical Tradition in Latin America - Latin American Studies - Oxford Bibliographies
Some of the most famous Latin pop songs have survived military dictatorships, war, famine and natural disasters — and they still hold up in spite of passing trends. Rolling Stone contributors selected 50 of the most influential songs in Latin pop history, ranked in chronological order. Valens successfully merged the worlds of Latin American music and American rock in his take, adopting a California surf vibe while keeping the Spanish-language lyrics intact.
The song solidified Valens as a pioneer in the Chicano and Latin rock movement, making him one of the first Latin artists to successfully cross over into Top 40 territory. His short-lived career, however, came to an untimely end when the year-old Valens, alongside Buddy Holly, J. East L. It was then that Ben allegedly dropped off the tour and bought a one-way ticket back to South America — his song, however, remained with Mendes.
That same year a military junta took over Brazil, employing a fierce nationalism and anti-imperialism that eschewed all Western cultural influence. The song remains a staple of Brazilian music history to this day. Mendes later re-recorded his hit in with the Black Eyed Peas , but the version only gets better with age. So since that day, all we play is Santana music.
Yet more money translated to more problems for Lavoe, as he rapidly buckled under the influence of heroin and cocaine, and eventually died of complications from AIDS. When the strings kick in, so do the waterworks. Juanga masterfully melds Sinatra-style orchestral pop with a Beatles-approved backbeat into a fiery lament of desperation.
This is a song about grabbing the night by the hand and squeezing for dear mercy because the sun may not come out tomorrow. Fear to even leave his home because he could be deported at any moment, turning his figurative golden cage into a literal prison. The story of this hit begins in , a year before its official release. While the song ultimately failed in the U. The song that made Ms. But more troubling than her songs was her relationship to then-manager Sergio Andrade, who was discovered to have led a teenage sex abuse cult disguised as a talent school for girls.
After all, how many other novelty songs slap this hard? Established in under the U. Los Prisioneros take you on a jangly ride as they poignantly unveil the stigmas shouldered by working class commuters. It also packs one hell of a rhythm that lends itself to rose-hued dance-rock.
Their stylistic innovations set the groundwork for modern-day Chilean pop, inspiring legions of artists like Alex Anwandter, Gepe and Javiera Mena. With the boo-hoo ing cadence of a traditional ranchera song, Selena sings from the perspective of a woman discarded by an ex-lover, who compares their love to a withered flower. A cutting critique disguised as a carnivalesque party anthem, the song chronicles a revolutionary leader who is captured by the coup during a time of rampant authoritarianism across Latin America.
It also references heroes like Victor Jara, a Chilean protest troubadour who himself was murdered for his outspoken songs under the Pinochet regime. The band lost the ladies, but gained some inspiration. We grew up with the language of our parents, but with the flow of the city. Before, [music] in Spanish was either salsa, or merengue or ballads.
Yet Vives had been moonlighting as a rock singer for a decade before he scored his first big hit. Its instantly recognizable accordion intro can fill dance halls in a flash, while the iconic trombone baritone blasts bridge its burning, yearning chorus.
The title track is beguiling praise to a smooth kisser, held steady by congas and swayed by braying horns. Over the last two decades, J. Lo has been a Latina who makes pop music — but rarely has Our Lady of the Bronx felt settled in the Latin pop market. After making a dazzling breakthrough as the lead in biopic, Selena , Lopez was approached by Tommy Mottola, former Sony Music exec and then-husband of Mariah Carey.
The hybrid song would foreshadow her international pop reign, paving the way for other American-born Latina pop stars to flourish, such as Selena Gomez and Becky G. As First Lady of the Fania All-Stars, Cruz spent a lifetime unapologetically radiating with what we now call blackgirlmagic, putting on for black women all over the diaspora.
Its hopeful spirit even made its way to the divine, with Juanes performing the song before Pope Francis in That is, until Sony BMG stepped in to distribute in Armed with a heady, acerbic flow skilled enough to put a piece MC crew to shame, the legendary Puerto Rican wordsmith is too quick-witted, too fly and too formidable when seizing her solo voice.
Even while hanging with the hardest, horniest, or most macho guys in reggaeton, Ivy Queen stands her ground as she lends her pipes to empower women everywhere. I want women to identify when they hear me. Julieta Venegas was the queen of Latin alternative rock… until she decided to burn her kingdom to the ground.
Gone were the raging guitars and cathartic vocals; in came the bright synths and sing-a-long melodies. This new path made Venegas a chart smash, while more importantly, opening a path for Latina artists to embrace the pop charts on their own artistic terms. It then quickly devolves into lists of random things, from occupations to cities to Mexican football clubs.
The song, which also reached the Number One spot on the pop charts of at least 55 other countries, features Haitian rapper Wyclef Jean.
Bomba has been keeping it lit ever since. There is no resisting this song. Don Omar, Puerto Rican reggaetonero and longtime frenemy of Daddy Yankee , has been known to deal out some bangers. The result was a style dubbed tribal guarachero , an amalgam mixing regional Mexican styles and Afro-Cuban rhythms over an electronic framework. But where those efforts largely lived in the fringe, 3BallMTY were the first to go truly global. A commercial success, the track garnered the group a Number 1 position on the Billboard Latin Songs chart.
A tribute to Paris Is Burning , the documentary chronicling the New York ballroom scene, the music video stars queer Chileans of many genders, lording over the runway with finesse. The song went on to reach 16x Platinum in the US. The official video, the 11th most-viewed video on YouTube today, was the first Spanish-language music video to reach more than 1 billion views. Iglesias later released two additional Portuguese renditions, separately aimed at Brazilian and Portuguese audiences, once again steering an already-global hit into new territory.
As Mr. The fact that this reggaeton-meets-Latin-pop hybrid is primarily in Spanish further amplifies its universal appeal. Share on Facebook Share on Twitter. Newswire Powered by. Close the menu. Rolling Stone. Arrow Created with Sketch. Calendar Created with Sketch. Path Created with Sketch. Shape Created with Sketch. Plus Created with Sketch.