Marc Garnick, M. Two relatively large studies of this question, reported in and , yielded good news for sexually active men: high ejaculation frequency seemed to protect against prostate cancer. Ejaculations included sexual intercourse, nocturnal emissions, and masturbation. Study participants also provided comprehensive health and lifestyle data every two years from to An Australian study of 2, men came to a similar conclusion.
Hence we have a stochastic process with time dependent parameters, the dynamics of the parameters Healthy prostate for men onania themselves learned continuously by a neural network. Two persons had no other allergy. A finite element model of the thrust plate within the femur was developed and stress shielding as well as bone remodeling were analyzed. Like Louise Lateau, a celebrated Belgian mystic living in the second half of the XIXth century, the patient suffered from Healhty and stigma. Diagnosed with prostate sheer pleasure and fight s prostafe PC in future.
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Thomas Szasz states the shift in scientific consensus    as "Masturbation: the primary sexual activity of mankind. The symptoms last for up to a week. Does frequent masturbation really prevent prostate cancer? There has been an increase in discussion and portrayal of masturbation in art, popular music, television, films, and literature. If it makes you Heatlhy type comments seem too closely Haelthy to drug Healtjy alcohol abuse or use. A small percentage of males have postorgasmic illness syndrome POISwhich can cause severe muscle pain throughout the body and other symptoms immediately following ejaculation, whether due prostte masturbation or partnered sex. Stengers and Van Neck follow the illness to its fairly abrupt demise; they liken the shift to finally Pron movies pic the emperor without clothes as doctors began to doubt masturbation as a cause of illness at the turn Healtgy the twentieth century. The mechanism is through stimulation of the sympathetic nervous system and is long lasting. Masturbation involves touching, pressing, rubbing, or massaging a person's Healthy prostate for men onania area, either with the fingers or against an object such as a pillow ; inserting fingers or an object into the vagina or anus see anal masturbation ; and stimulating the penis or vulva with an electric vibratorwhich may also be inserted into the vagina or anus. Intercourse is good for us, but the belief that the benefits are coming from ejaculation may also be changing the focus of some men's sex lives away from real partners. Cupid's Poisoned Arrow Topics. Had they Googled "slang to describe female masturbation," they would have found this, and this. The occurrence of the orgasm Healthy prostate for men onania Teacher class sex to the observer by the machine being proztate for a few seconds with uncontrollable rapidity.
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Marc Garnick, M. Two relatively large studies of this question, reported in and , yielded good news for sexually active men: high ejaculation frequency seemed to protect against prostate cancer. Ejaculations included sexual intercourse, nocturnal emissions, and masturbation. Study participants also provided comprehensive health and lifestyle data every two years from to An Australian study of 2, men came to a similar conclusion.
In all, men who averaged 4. The study found no connection between prostate cancer and the number of sex partners. An earlier study, however, found that men who had sex with 30 or more women were two to three times more likely to develop prostate cancer than men with only one partner. Further study is needed to investigate possible protective mechanisms.
In theory, emptying the prostate of potentially irritating or harmful substances might be one such mechanism. Regardless of the reason why, take comfort in the fact that ejaculation is not only pleasurable, but also may convey health benefits.
Journal of the American Medical Association ;— PMID: Sexual Factors and Prostate Cancer. BJU International ;— Excess of masturbation is definitely harmful for you and it is necessary to know its side effects. These are as follows Masturbation makes you weak, it spends more energy and burns your calorie 2.
Masturbation creates nervousness and neurological problems 3. Masturbation is a main cause for erectile dysfunction. Masturbation addicts you even if you taste it for one time. Controlling it is a very big menace. Masturbation creates drowsiness; you will be sleeping most of the time after ejaculation of your sperm.
You will experience a damn tired. Masturbation causes stress and strain in your mind and soul. Masturbation also affects us psychologically; it creates depression after ejaculation and makes one to feel bad on his own. I am 79 and still masturbate about 2 or 3 times per week. Married but wife has lost interest in sex.
I found that keeping the pubic hair shaved has made my penis more responsive to getting erect. I do get smaller cum loads which I presume comes with age but the contraction when I cum is amazing!! Hello my friend I have prostate cancer what I should do On my mind I think he need more sexual 3 Times a week.
On and sin was in refusing to impregnate his sister in law after god killed his brother for reasons unspecified. In the end she dressed up as a prostitute and seduced her father in law which did apparently appease the deity.
Ejaculation reduces the pressure of semen buildup in the prostate which can and often will tear internally and lead to a nasty and difficult to treat infection as well as the other symptoms cited. An ordinary zinc supplement should address and electrolyte issues as well as curing certain infections. Suppressing ejaculation as some have suggested will actually exacerbate the situation as it is associated with retrograde ejaculation.
Similarly, prostate massage or milking, is not recommended as even more pressure is being applied to the already strained organ. I should have prefaced this last post with the fact that I have been married 3 times, 4 children and now have 2 young sons 17 and My current masturbation sessions do not include full ejaculation which allows only that one session that day but the next day I am ready for multiple small sessions.
This has been my normal for 10 plus years. Thank you for listening. I am 65 years old and have been masturbating several times a day since I was very young. My PSA has always been very low 2. I currently try to only small ejaculations which allow me several per day. This might be the reason for the sudden elevation. Thanks for listening. Masturbation doing more times in a day or week will increase the chance of the premature ejaculation problem.
I have suggested HRT , but seems to have no interest in that either, so you might say I have now become a master at masturbation! I enjoy masturbating, as it is healthy obviously, as you may masturbate when you have sex with women. It might be of interest to people here is that tomatoes may help to prevent prostate cancer as they contain lycopene which is what makes them red.
I have read this on the internet. The problem is that there may be no symptoms associated with prostate cancer so it will mean going to get checked.
So if I have understood clearly,ithe means as much as a man ejaculates it prevents him from prostate cancer. And what becomes of the Catholic priest who acording to them,do not get married?
Does it mean they always manstibat or are they keeping the sisters in convent as their sex partners? Im 18 and i masturbate very frequent.. Uhh sooo uhh what should i believe?? For the meantime im gonna stop mastubating till i get answers. Masturbation is sinful and harmful.
People go without any sexual activity their whole lives and end up fine. Think about it. The highest rates of cancer is in western countries.
Look into it deeper and research. Stop accepting the lies and seek the truth. They are killing you slowly. The doctor suggested a diet change and regular exercise, but since I already enjoy healthy diet, I only modified the latter to regular sexercise. I read where masturbation is not the only thing a guy can do to protect his prostate, he also needs to do a prostate massage, either with a finger or vibrator. This is something else I read on-line.
I think doctors need to get the word out better about emptying the prostate and the importance of it, instead of us having to get this info on line. Frequent spilling of your man seed unnecessarily is bad to your prostate , mind , body and soul. Doctors, which orgasm is more beneficial to males, one through intercourse or one through masturbation? Or would each provide the same health benefit?
Is masturbation a sin or spilling the seed the sin? The Taoists believe that it is a sin to waste the most metabolically expensive fluid in the body. If you press on your prostate when you orgasm you can prevent ejaculation. So I find a huge hole in the methodology of this study.
Is it the physical act of orgasm or is it ejaculation that had the preventative effects? Jeez I have two good friends who have had horrible experiences with prostate cancer treatment! Both had surgery, and one had months and months of catheterization and infections. The other got the surgery too late and the cancer in the prostate spread to his bladder.
He got a bad infection and because the infection became systemic, he had a stroke. Now he is unable to do anything except walk slowly.
He has speech and language problems. He is obviously not the same person mentally either. The first guy lives in fear of the cancer coming back.
He has problems with incontinence and infections. Neither one of them has sex. My wife had surgery and sex became painful for her. I started taking a couple medications that made it impossible to maintain erections. About that time I read about these studies. You tell me what you would do in my situation.
If masturbation can protect me, or anyone from what my friends have had to go through, it seems like a very smart thing to do. My friend was really smart, and an excellent athlete, and now he is broken, cognitively impaired and unable to communicate. Plus, he still has to take care of that tube and the bag that made his life so difficult before the stroke.
Your wife may not love it, but she most likely loves you, and wants you around as long as possible. Countless cuz zero people. Thank you for this study.
For many years, I had deprived myself from ejaculation and masturbation because of guilt and religious facts I learned. Now I understand how helpful it is for my health and well being.
Some Thoughts on the Science of Onanism Speech. Noam Shpancer Ph. Yet when it comes to ejaculation, few people are talking about what might constitute a healthy middle ground. Please stay tuned! I later discovered "toys" for enjoyment and shared this with a relative of mine who quickly told me "women do not masturbate unless they cannot get a man or something is wrong with them like they were molested or something, thats sick!
Healthy prostate for men onania. The pained history of self pleasure
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The association between frequency of orgasm and all cause mortality was also examined using the midpoint of each response category recorded as number of orgasms per year. The age adjusted odds ratio for an increase of orgasms per year was 0. That is, a difference in mortality appeared between any two subjects when one subject ejaculated at around two times per week more than the other.
Assuming a broad range average of between three and five ejaculations per week for healthy males, this would mean five to seven ejaculations per week. This is consistent with a paper that found the strength of these correlations increased with increasing frequency of ejaculation.
A study at Tabriz Medical University found that ejaculation reduces swollen nasal blood vessels, freeing the airway for normal breathing.
The mechanism is through stimulation of the sympathetic nervous system and is long lasting. The study author suggests: "It can be done [from] time-to-time to alleviate the congestion and the patient can adjust the number of intercourses or masturbations depending on the severity of the symptoms. Solo masturbation is a sexual activity that is nearly free of risk of sexually transmitted infections.
Support for such a view and for making masturbation part of the American sex education curriculum, led to the dismissal of US Surgeon General Joycelyn Elders during the Clinton administration. Some European Union nations promote masturbation in their sex education curricula. Sexual climax leaves an individual in a relaxed and contented state, frequently followed by drowsiness and sleep. Some professionals consider masturbation equivalent to a cardiovascular workout. This limitation can serve as encouragement to follow through with physical therapy sessions to help improve endurance.
In general, sex slightly increases energy consumption. Those who insert objects as aids to masturbation risk them becoming stuck e. Men and women can fall prey to this problem. A woman went into a German hospital with two pencils in her bladder, having pierced her urethra after inserting them during masturbation.
A male whose penis is bluntly traumatized during intercourse or masturbation may, rarely, sustain a penile fracture    or develop Peyronie's disease. A small percentage of males have postorgasmic illness syndrome POIS , which can cause severe muscle pain throughout the body and other symptoms immediately following ejaculation, whether due to masturbation or partnered sex.
The symptoms last for up to a week. Compulsive masturbation and other compulsive behaviors can be signs of an emotional problem, which may need to be addressed by a mental health specialist.
Masturbation among adolescents contributes to their developing a sense of mastery over sexual impulses, and it has a role in the physical and emotional development of prepubescents and pubescents.
If such play becomes all-consuming, it may be necessary to look for an underlying cause of this, such as the child being tense and in need of comfort, or that others may be overreacting and thus reinforcing the habit. It could be caused by a low-grade urinary tract or yeast infection. The child may be overstimulated and in need of soothing, or understimulated and bored. Alongside many other factors—such as medical evidence, age-inappropriate sexual knowledge, sexualized play and precocious or seductive behavior—excessive masturbation may be an indicator of sexual abuse.
The sexual stimulation of one's own genitals has been interpreted variously by different religions , the subject of legislation, social controversy, activism, as well as intellectual study in sexology. Social views regarding masturbation taboo have varied greatly in different cultures, and over history. There are depictions of male and female masturbation in prehistoric rock paintings around the world. From the earliest records, the ancient Sumerians had very relaxed attitudes toward sex.
The ancient Greeks also regarded masturbation as a normal and healthy substitute for other forms of sexual pleasure. Among non-western perspectives on the matter, some teachers and practitioners of Traditional Chinese medicine, Taoist meditative and martial arts say that masturbation can cause a lowered energy level in men. Within the African Congo Basin , the Aka , Ngandu , Lesi , brbs , and Ituri ethnic groups all lack a word for masturbation in their languages and are confused by the concept of masturbation.
Onanism is a hybrid term which combines the proper noun, Onan , with the suffix, -ism. Paradoxically, a crime that was secret and private became a popular and fashionable topic. Moreover, writers tended to focus more on the perceived links with mental and physical illnesses that were deemed to be associated with the sense of moral outrage. Attention increasingly shifted to the prevention and cure of this illness which perilously sapped men of their virility .
In —45, the British physician Robert James published A Medicinal Dictionary , in which he described masturbation as being "productive of the most deplorable and generally incurable disorders" and stated that "there is perhaps no sin productive of so many hideous consequences". In , he published L'Onanisme , his own comprehensive medical treatise on the purported ill-effects of masturbation. Though Tissot's ideas are now considered conjectural at best, his treatise was presented as a scholarly, scientific work in a time when experimental physiology was practically nonexistent.
Immanuel Kant regarded masturbation as a violation of the moral law. In The Metaphysics of Morals , he made the a posteriori argument that "such an unnatural use of one's sexual attribute" strikes "everyone upon his thinking of it" as "a violation of one's duty to himself", and suggested that it was regarded as immoral even to give it its proper name unlike the case of the similarly undutiful act of suicide.
He went on, however, to acknowledge that "it is not so easy to produce a rational demonstration of the inadmissibility of that unnatural use", but ultimately concluded that its immorality lay in the fact that "a man gives up his personality … when he uses himself merely as a means for the gratification of an animal drive". By Jean Esquirol had declared in his Des Maladies Mentales that masturbation was "recognized in all countries as a cause of insanity.
Sylvester Graham were among those who proposed that circumcision and eating a bland, meatless diet would curb masturbation. Medical attitudes toward masturbation began to change towards the end of the 19th century when H. Havelock Ellis , in his seminal work Studies in the Psychology of Sex , questioned Tissot's premises. In , Sigmund Freud addressed masturbation in his Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality and associated it with addictive substances.
He described the masturbation of infants at the period when the infant is nursing, at four years of age, and at puberty. At the same time, the supposed medical condition of hysteria —from the Greek hystera or uterus—was being treated by what would now be described as medically administered or medically prescribed masturbation for women. In , the meetings of the Vienna psychoanalytic circle discussed the moral or health effects of masturbation,  but its publication on the matter was suppressed.
Concerning Specific Forms of Masturbation is a essay by another Austrian , the psychiatrist and psychoanalyst Wilhelm Reich. In the seven and a half page essay Reich accepts the prevalent notions on the roles of unconscious fantasy and the subsequent emerging guilt feelings which he saw as originating from the act itself.
By , Dr. Griffin , editor of The Scouter, had written in a book for Rover Scouts stating that the temptation to masturbate was "a quite natural stage of development" and, citing Ellis ' work, held that "the effort to achieve complete abstinence was a very serious error.
Thomas Szasz stated in the shift in scientific consensus :    "Masturbation: the primary sexual activity of mankind. In the nineteenth century it was a disease; in the twentieth, it's a cure. Not self-satisfaction, but feelings closely correlated with it need among others help through counseling, respectively therapy! In the s Michel Foucault was arguing masturbation taboo was "rape by the parents of the sexual activity of their children".
Joycelyn Elders , mentioned as an aside that it should be mentioned in school curricula that masturbation was safe and healthy, she was forced to resign,  with opponents asserting that she was promoting the teaching of how to masturbate.
Both practices and cultural views of masturbation have continued to evolve in the 21st Century, partly because the contemporary lifeworld is increasingly technical. Teledildonics is a growing field. Masturbation has been depicted as a not-uncomplicated part of "Love in the 21st Century" in the BBC drama by the same name. Even though many medical professionals and scientists have found large amounts of evidence that masturbating is healthy         and commonly practiced by males and females, stigma on the topic still persists today.
In November , Matthew Burdette, after being filmed masturbating, committed suicide. In an article published by the nonprofit organization Planned Parenthood Federation of America it was reported that: . Proving that these ancient stigmas against masturbation are still alive and felt by women and men, researchers in found that half of the adult women and men who masturbate feel guilty about it Laumann, et al.
Another study in found that adolescent young men are still frequently afraid to admit that they masturbate Halpern, et al. Male masturbation may be used as a method to obtain semen for third party reproductive procedures such as artificial insemination and in vitro fertilisation which may involve the use of either partner or donor sperm.
At a sperm bank or fertility clinic, a special room or cabin may be set aside so that semen may be produced by male masturbation for use in fertility treatments such as artificial insemination. Most semen used for sperm donation , and all semen donated through a sperm bank by sperm donors, is produced in this way. The facility at a sperm bank used for this purpose is known as a masturbatorium US or men's production room UK.
A bed or couch is usually provided for the man, and pornographic films or other material may be made available. In the UK in , a leaflet was issued by the National Health Service in Sheffield carrying the slogan, "an orgasm a day keeps the doctor away". It also says: "Health promotion experts advocate five portions of fruit and veg a day and 30 minutes' physical activity three times a week. What about sex or masturbation twice a week?
Its authors have said that for too long, experts have concentrated on the need for "safe sex" and committed relationships while ignoring the principal reason that many people have sex. The leaflet is entitled Pleasure. Instead of promoting teenage sex, it could encourage young people to delay losing their virginity until they are certain they will enjoy the experience, said one of its authors. The Spanish region of Extremadura launched a programme in to encourage "sexual self-exploration and the discovery of self-pleasure" in people aged from 14 to The initiative, whose slogan is, "Pleasure is in your own hands" has angered local right-wing politicians and challenged traditional Roman Catholic views.
Officials from the neighbouring region of Andalucia have expressed an interest in copying the programme. The text book Palliative care nursing: quality care to the end of life states, "Terminally ill people are likely no different from the general population regarding their masturbation habits.
Palliative care practitioners should routinely ask their patients if anything interferes in their ability to masturbate and then work with the patient to correct the problem if it is identified. The prosecution of masturbation has varied at different times, from complete illegality to virtually unlimited acceptance. In a 17th-century law code for the Puritan colony of New Haven, Connecticut " blasphemers , homosexuals and masturbators" were eligible for the death penalty.
Often, masturbation in the sight of others is prosecuted under a general law such as public indecency , though some laws make specific mention of masturbation. The penalty may be up to 14 days in prison, depending on a range of circumstantial factors. In , the Supreme Court of Alabama upheld a state law criminalizing the distribution of sex-toys.
In many jurisdictions, masturbation by one person of another is considered digital penetration which may be illegal in some cases, such as when the other person is a minor. There is debate whether masturbation should be promoted in correctional institutions. Restrictions on pornography, used to accompany masturbation, are common in American correctional facilities. Connecticut Department of Corrections officials say that these restrictions are intended to avoid a hostile work environment for correctional officers.
Religions vary broadly in their views of masturbation, from considering it completely impermissible as in Roman Catholicism  to encouraging and refining it as, for example, in some Neotantra and Taoist sexual practices. The Sambia tribe of New Guinea has rituals and rites of passage surrounding manhood which lasts several years and involves ejaculation through fellatio often several times a day. Semen is valued and masturbation is seen as a waste of semen and is therefore frowned upon even though frequent ejaculation is encouraged.
The capacity and need to ejaculate is developed or nurtured for years from an early age but through fellatio so that it can be consumed rather than wasted. Semen is ingested for strength and is considered in the same line as mothers' milk. Other cultures have rites of passage into manhood that culminate in the first ejaculation of a male, usually by the hands of a tribal elder. In some tribes such as the Agta, Philippines, stimulation of the genitals is encouraged from an early age.
The ceremony culminates in a public ejaculation before a celebration. The ejaculate is saved in a wad of animal skin and worn later to help conceive children. In this and other tribes, the measure of manhood is actually associated more with the amount of ejaculate and his need than penis size. In popular music, there are various songs that deal with masturbation. The recording " She Bop " by Cyndi Lauper , was one of the first fifteen songs ever required to carry Parental Advisory sticker for sexual content.
The song "Masturbates" by rock group Mindless Self Indulgence also deals with the concept of auto-erotic activity in a punk framework. The schoolboys' novel Eric, or, Little by Little was a tract against masturbation, but did not mention the subject except extremely obliquely as " Kibroth-Hattaavah " a place mentioned in the Old Testament where those that lusted after meat were buried.
In October , an important censorship case was held in Australia, leading to the banning of Philip Roth's novel Portnoy's Complaint in that country due to its masturbation references. The censorship led to public outcry at the time. Further portrayals and references to masturbation have occurred throughout literature, and the practice itself has even contributed to the production of literature among certain writers, such as Wolfe , Balzac , Flaubert and John Cheever.
Here the novel's protagonist Bloom brings himself to covert climax during a public fireworks display after being aroused by a young woman's coy exhibitionism.
In the Seinfeld episode " The Contest ",  the show's main characters enter into a contest to see who can go the longest without masturbating. Because Seinfeld ' s network, NBC , did not think masturbation was a suitable topic for prime-time television, the word is never used.
Instead, the subject is described using a series of euphemisms. The Masturbating Bear would touch his diaper to simulate masturbation. Prior to leaving Late Night to become host of The Tonight Show , Conan O'Brien originally retired the character due to concerns about its appropriateness in an earlier time slot. It was clear by then that Conan O'Brien was being removed from the show and he spent his last shows pushing the envelope with skits that typically would not be appropriate for the Tonight Show , one of which was the Masturbating Bear.
In March the UK broadcaster Channel 4 was to air a season of television programmes about masturbation, called Wank Week. Wank is a Briticism for masturbate. The series came under public attack from senior television figures, and was pulled amid claims of declining editorial standards and controversy over the channel's public service broadcasting credentials.
However, its constituent films may yet be shown by the channel at a later date. In Talking Cock by comedian Richard Herring , the sketch is used to ridicule those who condemn masturbation and sex for any purpose other than procreation.
In American Pie , Nadia Shannon Elizabeth discovers Jim's Jason Biggs pornography collection and while half-naked sitting on his bed masturbates to it.
In American Reunion , Noah Eugene Levy attempts to explain the potential joys and difficulties of Jim explaining masturbation to his future son. Depictions of male and female masturbation are common in pornography, including gay pornography. Am Abend , one of the earliest pornographic films that have been collected at the Kinsey Institute for Research in Sex, Gender, and Reproduction ,   starts with a female masturbation scene. Masturbatory behavior has been documented in a very wide range of species.
Individuals of some species have been known to create tools for masturbation purposes. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Redirected from Onanism. Sexual stimulation of one's own genitals. For the Biblical origin of the term "onanism", see Onan. It is not to be confused with jacking. See also: Fingering sexual act. Gerda Wegener's artwork "Les delassements d'Eros" "The recreations of Eros" , which depicts sexual activity by two women. Johann Nepomuk Geiger , watercolor , See also: Non-penetrative sex.
Main article: History of masturbation. This section has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. Learn how and when to remove these template messages. The examples and perspective in this section may not represent a worldwide view of the subject. You may improve this section , discuss the issue on the talk page , or create a new article , as appropriate.
January Learn how and when to remove this template message. This section may be too long and excessively detailed. Please consider summarizing the material while citing sources as needed. January Main article: Religious views on masturbation. See also: Religion and sexuality and Sperm in vain Judaism. Main article: Masturbation in animals. Medicine portal Sexuality portal.
Who Masturbates? Why Do People Masturbate? Retrieved 17 August The Psychology of Human Sexuality. Masturbation refers to all solo forms of self-stimulation focusing on the genitals.
Masturbation practices vary widely depending upon the individual's body and personal preferences. For instance, masturbation among women may involve manipulation of the clitoris and labia, stimulation of the breasts, or vaginal penetration with a sex toy. Of course, men sometimes utilize sex toys too e. The term is most commonly used to describe solitary masturbation, in which people provide themselves with sexual stimulation while they are physically alone.
Mutual masturbation is when two or more people manually stimulate their own body or each other's bodies. Sexuality Education Theory And Practice. Bockting, Walter O. Despite the scientific evidence indicating that masturbation is generally a normal variant of sexual expression and that it does not seem to have a causal relationship with sexual pathology, negative attitudes about masturbation persist and it remains stigmatized.
Eugene 6 December In Ollendick, Thomas H. Encyclopedia of Clinical Child and Pediatric Psychology. Note: Messer's and Walker's article cannot be protected by copyright. July—December Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology. Archived from the original on 21 August Today, masturbatory act is considered as a healthy practice when done in private and an offence if done in the public in most of the countries. Animal Homosexuality: A Biosocial Perspective. Cambridge University Press.
Archived from the original on 5 September Retrieved 29 May Martin's Press. Retrieved 21 October The Fantasy Factor. George Weidenfeld and Nicolson Limited. Journal of Social History. Charles Jason Lee. Archived from the original on 19 February Retrieved 12 October Body Modification Ezine.
Retrieved 29 July International Journal of Surgery Case Reports. Archived from the original on 1 January Retrieved 15 January Retrieved 27 August Psychology Today. Human Sexuality: From Cells to Society. Cengage Learning. Retrieved 18 May The G spot and other discoveries about human sexuality.
New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston. Archived from the original on 13 June Indiana Daily Student. Retrieved 30 March The occurrence of the orgasm is indicated to the observer by the machine being worked for a few seconds with uncontrollable rapidity. This sound is said to be frequently heard in large French workrooms, and it is part of the duty of the superintendents of the rooms to make the girls sit properly.
Chicago Women's Liberation Union. Retrieved 18 November Archived from the original on 6 March Retrieved 11 October WebMD, Inc. Laura M. Carpenter NYU Press. Retrieved 9 October Cohen Retrieved 8 October Most people agree that we maintain virginity as long as we refrain from sexual vaginal intercourse. Archived from the original on 22 May Retrieved 7 August April Ceylon Med.
Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences. Archives of Sexual Behavior. Merck Manuals Consumer Version. Retrieved 26 July In Longe, Jacqueline L. Detroit, Mich. November . European Journal of Paediatric Neurology.
Infantile masturbation is considered a variant of normal behaviour. Hamish; Watson, Stuart 4 October Journal of Psychopharmacology. Larry Psychology: Modules for Active Learning. Sperm Wars: The Science of Sex. Diane Books Publishing Company. November Animal Behaviour. February Current Directions in Psychological Science.
Sexuality and Sexual Disorders". June Journal of Religion and Health. Social change in attitudes toward masturbation has occurred at the professional level only since and at the popular level since Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance. The Second Sin. Retrieved 30 June Masturbation: the primary sexual activity of mankind.
The pained history of self pleasure". Retrieved 27 June The publication of Kinsey's and Masters and Johnson's research revealed that masturbation was both common and harmless. Many studies have since confirmed this basic truth, revealing in addition that masturbation is neither a substitute for "real" sex nor a facilitator of risky sex.
Gender and Sexuality". Introduction to Psychology: Gateways to Mind and Behavior 14 ed. Is there any way that masturbation can cause harm? Seventy years ago, a child might have been told that masturbation would cause insanity, acne, sterility, or other such nonsense.
Enlightened parents are well aware of this fact. Still, many children are punished or made to feel guilty for touching their genitals. This is unfortunate because masturbation itself is harmless. Typically, its only negative effects are feelings of fear, guilt, or anxiety that arise from learning to think of masturbation as "bad" or "wrong. Summer Stengers and Van Neck follow the illness to its fairly abrupt demise; they liken the shift to finally seeing the emperor without clothes as doctors began to doubt masturbation as a cause of illness at the turn of the twentieth century.
Once doubt set in, scientists began to accumulate statistics about the practice, finding that a large minority and then a large majority of people masturbated. The implications were clear: if most people masturbated and did not experience insanity, debility, and early death, then masturbation could not be held accountable to the etiology that had been assigned it. Masturbation quickly lost its hold over the medical community, and parents followed in making masturbation an ordinary part of first childhood and then human sexuality.
In the collection's introductory chapter, Eli Coleman describes how Kinsey's research half a century ago was the first in a series of studies to challenge widely prevalent cultural myths relating to the 'harmful' effects of masturbation, revealing the practice to be both common and non-pathological. Subsequent research, outlined by Coleman in this chapter, has shown masturbation to be linked to healthy sexual development, sexual well-being in relationships, self-esteem and bodily integrity an important sexual right.
As such, the promotion and de-stigmatization of the practice continue to be important strategies within sexology for the achievement of healthy sexual development and well-being. The collection concludes with two surveys among US college students. The first of these was based on limited quantitative questions relating to masturbation.
Multidisciplinary management of a gastric metastasis of uveal melanoma presenting 12 years after enucleation. The reduction of stroke risk, risk of myocardial infarction and death by healthy diet and physical activity. There is no doubt that a healthy diet and regular physical activity improve risk factors for cerebro-cardio-vascular disease and death.
However, there is less evidence from prospective randomised controlled trials that they also reduce the actual risk of stroke, myocardial infarction and death.
A low-fat diet, a low-salt diet, and the addition of omega-3 fatty acids have no influence. Regular physical activity, whether endurance or more intense activity, leads to weight loss and improved vascular risk factors. An independent impact on stroke, myocardial infarction and mortality has not yet been demonstrated in prospective studies double-blinding being impossible. Nevertheless, several epidemiological meta-analyses with observation durations of 4 to 28 years using data of up to persons, indicate that there is a fold risk reduction of cerebro-cardio-vascular death and global mortality in people with regular physical activity versus sedentary behaviour.
The surgical management of acute diverticulitis is remains controversial, especially in severe forms. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the results of laparoscopic surgery for diverticular disease in a tertiary care institution with a specialist interest in minimally invasive surgery. DESIGN: All patients who had elective laparoscopic sigmoidectomy for diverticulitis within eight years at University Hospital of Luxembourg were selected from a retrospective database to evaluate laparoscopic benefit in moderate and severe disease.
The short-term outcomes, after laparoscopic sigmoidectomy, were evaluated. There were not important differences between two groups.
Elective Laparoscopic surgery is actually the standard of care for moderate and severe diverticular disease in our institution. Defence mechanisms and coping strategies in men and women: a comparative and structural study based on the artistic production of people suffering from a break-up of their life project.
A comparative study of men and women suffering from a break-up of their life project allowed us examining the typically female and male manners to cope with trauma, anxiety, guilt, depression and internal destructivity.
In a first stage, an exploratory study was focussed on subjects, belonging to several clinical subgroups: people living in great precarity and long-term unemployed people, asylum seekers and refugees, drug addicts, prisoners and people coming out of prison. Secondly, arts therapeutic sessions were proposed with the aim of helping the participants finding an outlet to their situation.
The artistic production drawings and stories induced by music was analysed with the help of original rating scales, constructed in a phenomenological and structural perspective. The results allow us pointing to gender differences and defining typically male and female coping styles.
Differential indications for psychotherapy can be extracted from these analyses. Using arts therapies in psycho-oncology: evaluation of an exploratory study implemented in an out-patient setting]. According to the state-of-the-art in health psychology and psycho-oncology, a cancerous disease, as well as the accompanying medical treatments, is a source of intense emotional stress.
As feelings of insecurity and anxiety are likely to induce negative effects on immune defences, those effects may overlap with the cancerous disease and complicate its evolution. Following an exploratory study in a hospital, we carried out an action-research in an out-patient setting during six moths.
The arts therapeutic treatment comprehended alternatively drawing and writing sessions while listening to music, opening tracks for a thorough verbal elaboration. The evaluation was based on psychometric scales HADS and MDBF , rating scales for the pictorial and literary production and a semi-structured interview. According to the results of.
We present a case of giant melanoma of the scalp observed in our department. It is a rare but very aggressive pathology which is generally treated by radical surgery.
We emphasize early diagnosis because a large extension of the tumor can lead to the need of a very extensive surgical resection.
Prognosis is very severe despite adjuvant medical treatments. Lifestyle counseling in patients with carotid arteriosclerosis from Luxemburg should focus more on the reduction of sugar, sodium and saturated fat consumption. It is unclear whether patients with carotid artery disease from Luxemburg meet common guideline criteria and whether systematic counseling has a sustained effect.
Lifestyle counseling had a sustained effect on weight, reduction of global caloric intake, carbohydrate and cholesterol intake and on an increase in consumption of poly-unsaturated fatty. There was no sustained effect on the consumption of sugar, sodium, and saturated fat. Tissue regeneration by embryonic stem cells ESC opens new applications for cellular therapy. ECS are used in endocrinology, rheumatology, cardiology, orthopaedics, dermatology and neurology.
They come from supernumerary embryos given by their progenitors to science. The moral embryo status is the conflicting point and a hotly debated question. No ethical committee has given any valuable definition.
Some countries have set time limits governing research with embryos, while others consider ECS as more akin to things or living beings such as animals. Prostate cancer incidence has tripled in Luxembourg as in many other western countries. Since prostate cancer is the most frequent male cancer in Luxembourg, exceeding colo-rectal, lung and stomach cancer. Prostate cancer deaths have diminished from 64 in to 45 in Annual mortality rate has decreased from 29 to 10 per The increase of the incidence is particularly important in the 60 to 70 age group, while for men older than 70, the peak incidence was reached in A lowering of the age at diagnosis is confirmed by the 5-year age group analysis.
The hospital cohort consists of patients from the urological department of the Centre Hospitalier de Luxembourg diagnosed with prostate cancer between 1st January and 31st December ; follow-up ended 31st December During this period, age at diagnosis decreased from Median PSA dropped from Kaplan-Meier curves show that long term surveillance is necessary as even tumors with a good initial prognosis may relapse after years.
We investigated an increase of human cases of Salmonella Enteritidis occurring from August until November in Belgium, Luxembourg and Germany involving an estimated three hundred laboratory confirmed cases. Molecular typing indicated that the increase in Luxembourg and Belgium was due a particular strain having phage type 14b, MLVA pattern and fully susceptible to the Enternet panel of antibiotics.
MLVA and phage typing were found to have similar discriminatory power on a collection of 40 Belgian and Luxembourg strains isolated during Epidemiological investigations in Luxembourg suggested eggs as a possible source for some cases, although supermarket eggs tested were negative. No other EU countries observed a substantial increase of cases, although three smaller outbreaks in Germany were also due to a strain with the same phage type and MLVA pattern.
In the EU directive banning battery cages came into force in Germany followed by a dioxin food scare incident. Given that the EU Laying Hens Directive will come into force across all Member States in , a closer monitoring of Salmonella contamination of imported eggs at retail and wholesale level is recommended. Postoperative deformities of the knee and sequaelae after intraarticular surgery can interfere with a standard parapetallar approach for intramedullary stabilisation of the tibia.
Even the suprapatellar approach can be rendered impossible. For these rare indications we describe the patella osteotomy and transpatellar approach. Risk factors and disease prevalence in personal check-ups performed in preventive medicine between and We will present a global synthesis of all the results but also a follow-up study of persons having performed 2 check-ups or more over a 5-year period.
The average age is Initial age was Associated risk factors and pathologies Hypertension, Dyslipidemia, NASH, diabetes type 2 and complete metabolic syndromes are extremely frequent and getting more so with growing age. The only positive point is a tendency of decreasing tobacco use in all age groups.
The follow-up study is frustrating because most of the examined criteria get worse in-between check-ups instead of getting better with changes in lifestyle in an informed population. The follow-up data shows that huge parts of this group are not sufficiently conscientious of their problems to act up and change their life-style or seek adapted pharmacological prevention.
Absolute number of risk factors prevalence or pathologies rise evidently with age but incidence newly discovered pathologies after a first, second or a record of 21 check-ups with our services rises less. Life-style changes are rare or insufficient to change the pathological value back to normal or therapeutically range. The astonishing better than national records results in tobacco use is probably due to a selection of more health-oriented patients and of a higher socio-educative-economic level.
Alcohol abuse was very low but probably due to inadequate screening methods. A better health promotion advocating healthier living must be associated with better communication and new motivational tools. Therapeutical education for patients with chronic non-communicable diseases will be the challenge of the near future as their prevalences increase due to ageing of the population and worse individual lifestyles.
In the service of the neurosurgery we have been working since the beginning of this year to develop a protocol which is suitable for the every day clinical routine to show the tracts of the white matter.
Many lesions of the brain concern the white matter. Up to date it is still difficult to portray the visual pathway. Many centers all around the world are actually trying to localize the visual pathway, yet it is still used for the research. The application of the DTI-data for surgical interventions remains still a rarity. We believe that using this technique it would reduce the intraoperative risk and improve the postoperative outcome.
From the beginning of this year we have been able to localize the visual pathway in 14 patients with different illnesses and we performed also postoperative controls. Using this new technique we were able to minimize the intraoperative risk in our patients.
The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between sweet and salty taste preference and psychopathology in patients with severe obesity. Taste preference was self-reported. The findings may be of interest for clinicians who are involved in the treatment of obesity. In particular, they may wish to pay increased attention to patients with sweet taste preference or who have a strong attraction for both sweet and salty foods, in order to detect psychopathology and to adapt the treatment.
Early prognostic markers would facilitate the care of these patients. AIMS: Therefore, we evaluated the impact of initial interventions after resuscitation on neurological outcome at 6 months. Sixty-four percent of the patients had bystander cardio-pulmonary resuscitation. The most important was the creation of the first clinical sports medicine department in Luxembourg in One year later a Research Lab of Sports. Thus within 4 years the structure of Luxembourgish sports medicine was completely rearranged and includes today orthopaedic surgery and traumatology, functional rehabilitation, sports cardiology, exercise physiology, physiotherapy and specific sports medicine research.
An important new challenge of the SLMS will be to integrate the external sports physicians into this new infrastructure. Another ongoing mission of the SLMS will be the education and training of new young sports medicine specialists.
Here the new department could play an outstanding role and the SLMS is in close negotiations with the University of Luxembourg, in charge of academic education in Luxembourg. A recruitment of new young sports physicians is necessary to perpetuate the routine sports medicine exams in the 15 regional centers in Luxembourg, where such an exam is mandatory in order to get an official sports licence.
Since an ECG exam has been added for all new licence candidates, according to the recent recommendations of the scientific societies.