Image Source. While the human body is a wonder of evolution and biological complexity, things are not always perfect. When the body malfunctions or is attacked by other organisms, we end up with physical conditions that range from the commonplace such as sore throats and upset stomachs to the downright bizarre — like the ten mind-boggling medical conditions listed below. This rare disorder likely only affects people who are alive today. Recently discovered to be caused by a mutation in a particular gene, the disorder causes many tissues of the body to grow more than is expected, including skin, muscle, blood vessels and bones.
All female bukkake. Enormous tapeworm
While these warts may be benign early in life, they can become malignant later in life. Alice In Wonderland Convitions This syndrome is a neurological condition characterised by skewed perception. Herbert L. The hand basically becomes autonomous and the person believes it has a will of its own. The pain can last from anywhere up to 20 to minutes. Image conditiojs ChameleonsEye Shutterstock. However, drinking mdeical much of the green stuff is not a good idea if you're not sure what else is in the teabag, according to report published in the journal BMJ The postmodernism nudity art Reports in October It was so bad that schools had to close for six months. Fibrodysplasia Ossificans Progressiva A mutation in the body's repair mechanism Bizarre medical conditions any fibrous tissue like muscles, ligaments or Bizarre medical conditions to turn to bone on injury. Eggs of the parasite ended up on the wall of the man's bladder, and his body's immune response caused these areas of medocal bladder wall to become calcified in a pattern known as "eggshell calcification," according to a case report published in The New England Journal of Medicine in February
At this point, you're probably familiar with the most common health conditions, from diabetes to cancer to heart disease , and their risk factors.
- Sufferers of a bizarre medical condition called "body integrity identity disorder" BIID , who are otherwise totally sane, feel as if one of their body parts their right foot up to the mid-calf, for example shouldn't be there.
- The onset of the common cold has us diving between the covers with a hot water bottle, preferably with our mothers clucking over us like concerned hens.
- Here are 10 of the most unusual and rare medical conditions out there:.
At this point, you're probably familiar with the most common health conditions, from diabetes to cancer to heart disease , and their risk factors.
But how about a syndrome that causes you to suddenly start speaking with a foreign accent or a disorder that literally turns your skin blue? These rare health conditions affect people across the world. In fact, one in 10 Americans has a rare disease. Here are weird—but very real—medical conditions you should know about. One second you're speaking normally, then the next you're donning a foreign accent.
It sounds impossible, but that's what foreign accent syndrome FAS is: a disorder that causes a sudden change in speech, usually due to a stroke or brain injury. What can initially seem like digestive issues could actually be a rare genetic disorder called Fabry disease. While the condition—which affects your lipid fat metabolism —can come about in both males and females, it's mostly seen in men. And the symptoms occur due to a buildup of globotriaosylceramide, a type of fat, in the body's cells, says Genetics Home Reference.
You know when Alice eats that special cake and grows so big she fills the room? It's not a hallucination, either. The problem occurs within your brain and affects your senses, either for a few minutes or chronically. Past research has found it's not uncommon for those with AIWS to also experience migraines , and there's currently no treatment for it.
If you've heard of blue skin disorder—where a person's skin actually turns a Smurf-like shade of blue—that's due to the blood disorder methemoglobinemia. And the reasoning behind the color?
Instead of the typical one percent of methemoglobin in the blood, those with this disease can have up to 20 percent. And because their hemoglobin is unable to properly distribute oxygen in the body, it results in a blue skin color, purple lips, and brown-colored blood, says Genetics Home Reference.
While the disorder can be inherited, it can also come about by being exposed to different chemicals and drugs. Everyone occasionally plays with their hair , but when you begin pulling it out, that's what's called trichotillomania. That urge causes hair loss , and while the cause is unknown, it's thought that it could be a subcategory of OCD. Unfortunately, the patches of baldness that result—even in the eyelashes, eyebrows, and beard—can cause even more emotional distress in the individuals affected, according to the National Organization of Rare Disorders NORD.
Can you imagine eating things like stone, chalk, and soap on the regular? That's what the compulsive eating disorder pica involves: craving and ingesting non-food items, possibly due to an iron or zinc deficiency. According to research , it's more common in children than adults and can cause problems with the teeth and digestive system, but even pregnant women are one of the most likely groups to suffer from the disease.
In the thick of the winter season, everyone feel like they're allergic to the cold. But this condition is a real thing: Familial cold autoinflammatory syndrome FCAS —or familial cold urticaria—is a rare inherited disorder that causes people to have allergy-like symptoms after being exposed to the cold. Everything from rashes and joint pain to fatigue , blurred vision, and nausea occur within one to two hours of that exposure, then typically go away within 24 hours, according to the National Organization for Rare Disorders NORD ,.
Tree man disease—or epidermodysplasia verruciformis EV —is an inherited skin disorder where wart-like lesions develop due to the human papillomavirus. Not just any warts, though: They build up so much on the hands and feet that it results in a "tree-like" appearance and becomes difficult for those with the disorder to use them, according to the Rare Disease Report.
Unfortunately, there's no current treatment besides trying to prevent the warts in the first place and using surgery to remove them. Vampires might be a thing of spooky stories, but xeroderma pigmentosum is a real yet rare skin disorder that makes people have heightened sensitivity to the sun's UV rays. So much so that, according to NORD , they have a 10,fold increased risk of developing skin cancer.
Because of this, those with the condition often avoid the sun to avoid blisters and other damage that can occur in as little as 10 minutes of sun exposure. Like vampires, werewolves are typically only seen in scary movies. But there's a disorder called werewolf syndrome, or hypertrichosis lanuginosa congenita , that causes excessive werewolf-like hair growth across the entire body—face included—in both men and women.
It can be hard to get rid of, resulting in a lot of emotional pain, says the American Journal of Clinical Dermatology. While it can be present at birth, it can also develop later on in life, too. How scary would it be if your hand started thinking for itself? That's exactly what happens with alien hand syndrome. According to the Baylor University Medical Center , past instances of the rare disorder involve someone's hand acting as if it was being controlled by someone else. One year-old woman's hand was even stroking her face without her permission.
In other cases, the hand has tried harming the individual. While it can be tricky to diagnose since it's a neurological disorder, it's usually done through observation and often develops after some sort of trauma or a stroke.
Having a crawling sensation on your skin—like there's a bug on you—is one of the most cringeworthy experiences. Unfortunately for those with Morgellons disease, that's a very common occurrence. According to past research , those with the disease have skin lesions that contain multi-colored fibers produced by the skin cells due to a bacterial infection. And on top of the crawling feeling, those itchy skin rashes and sores are usually accompanied by fatigue, depression , difficulty concentrating , and short-term memory loss, says the Mayo Clinic.
Having a water allergy seems impossible, since it's crucial for your survival, after all—but it's real. Aquagenic urticaria AU involves developing rashes and sometimes itching! Then once the water is gone, the rash disappears within 30 to 60 minutes. And since avoiding water is nearly impossible, AU is usually managed with antihistamines, topical agents, ultraviolet light therapy, and an injectable medication.
Having bone form outside the skeleton can cause the individual to lose the ability to move, breathe, speak, and even eat. And the worst part? According to Genetics Home Reference , experiencing trauma to your muscles—even from a fall—can cause that area to be replaced by bone, too. It's usually diagnosed through laboratory tests and analyzing the symptoms, which tend to become noticeable in childhood.
In those with periventricular nodular heterotopia , there's a problem with the nerve cells during the development of the brain, causing intellectual issues and seizures. Taylor says. This condition, if it gets passed onto a male child, can be severe and often lethal in male children. Type keyword s to search. Today's Top Stories. Introducing Sleep Diaries: Naked Edition. Foreign accent syndrome. Fabry disease. Alice in wonderland syndrome.
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The buildup and release of trimethylamine, which is excreted through sweat, urine and breath, is what creates this odor. Of all the freaky medical conditions out there, one is most disgusting. He also smoked a pack of cigarettes a day for two years prior to the incident, according to a report published in the journal Case Reports in Emergency Medicine in February People were laughing even when they didn't want to and even started fainting and breaking out in rashes. The part of his brain that he used when thinking about things in 3D happened to be the part of his brain that was most affected by his 15 minutes of oxygen deprivation under the snow.
Bizarre medical conditions. Enormous tapeworm
10 Weird but Real Medical Conditions - Everyday Health
That means your joints will become permanently frozen in place. However, in , scientists discovered that squalamine, an extract from sharks may help in fighting FOP, but that has been put up for debate. Alice In Wonderland Syndrome is a rare psychological disorder where the sufferers experience size distortion, increased or decreased volume of sound, and exaggerated perception.
It happens in episodes and is very disorienting for the sufferer. AWIS happens when excess electrical activity causes abnormal blood flow into the area vision and the part of the brain that processes texture size and shape , which explains size distortion. It is documented that AIWS is frequent with childhood, but people grow out of it although some have reported to have the disorder well into their 70s. It also occurs if muscimol , a psychoactive alkaloid, is ingested.
The pain can last from anywhere up to 20 to minutes. Sweating even triggers a reaction and so, people with this condition avoid sweating or heat as much as possible. Lewandowsky-Lutz dysplasia is a hereditary skin disorder with no known cure-all treatment. Doctors and scientists believe that it is caused by an ineffective immune system coupled with HPV. Trimethylaminuria is an incredibly rare metabolic disorder, which causes a person to have a strong body odor that resembles fish.
The buildup and release of trimethylamine, which is excreted through sweat, urine and breath, is what creates this odor. This disorder is more common in women than men, but it is observed that there are no physical symptoms that accompany trimethylaminuria. The first scientifically documented case of trimethylaminuria was in , but it is believed that it has been a condition that has existed for centuries.
The first case of alien hand syndrome also known as anarchic hand was documented in by a German neuro-psychiatrist named Kurt Goldstein. He observed the patient to have no control over her left arm, as if someone else were controlling it. This neurological disorder occurs in people who have had the two hemispheres of their brains surgically separated, or from having a stroke, and even having Creutzfeldt—Jakob disease human form of Mad Cow Disease.
The hand basically becomes autonomous and the person believes it has a will of its own. You can read more about it here. Methemoglobinemia is a disorder that describes blood with an abnormally high concentration of methemoglobin — a bluish-brown hemoglobin that carries iron in the ferric state. This leads to reduced oxygen levels throughout the body, because red blood cells lose their ability to release oxygen to tissues. With methemoglobinemia, hypoxia — the deprivation of oxygen — of organs and tissue may occur.
Also known as Walking Corpse Syndrome, patients suffering from this mental disorder believe that they are dead. Sometimes, they are of the belief that they possess immortality. This syndrome is documented to occur in three stages : Germination, blooming, and finally, chronic.
Electroconvulsive therapy is cited to be most effective out of all of the treatments. This syndrome was first described by Jules Cotard, in a lecture he gave in Parry—Romberg syndrome, or progressive hemifacial atrophy, is described as the progressive shrinkage and degeneration of the tissues beneath the skin, usually on one side of the face. This syndrome is highly prevalent in women, but it is documented that this syndrome is an extremely rare neurocutaneous syndrome. The disease results in the atrophying of skin and tissues beneath it , causing the mouth and nose to deviate towards the atrophied location.
Neurological, ocular and oral disorder accompany Parry—Romberg syndrome and it is appears to occur randomly and affects the left side of the face more than the right. This rare syndrome is actually sporadic, meaning not hereditary, and the scientific community believes it to be an acquired disease.
Cronkhite—Canada syndrome seems to afflict mainly Japanese men and was discovered in The syndrome begins off with polyps in the gastrointestinal tract, but quickly evolves, usually within months , and leads to extreme weight loss and edema — the swelling of organs. Kleine—Levin syndrome is an extremely rare one in a million sleep disorder where the afflicted sleeps for days, or weeks on end. They also experience hypersexuality and hyperphagia excessive hunger. KLS is, however, not life-threatening and appears to resolve itself as the afflicted ages.
There is no known explanation as to why this happens, but doctors and scientists believe that the thalamus is responsible for this disorder. Morgellons syndrome is a disorder where the sufferer believes that they are infested with insects or parasites , when in reality, they are not.
It is believed that Morgellons is a fixed belief; that is, a fixation. Stendhal syndrome was first documented with the French author, Henri-Marie Beyle, whose pseudonym was Stendhal. Absorbed in the contemplation of sublime beauty… I reached the point where one encounters celestial sensations… Everything spoke so vividly to my soul.
Ah, if I could only forget. I walked with the fear of falling. It is a psychosomatic disorder that causes rapid heartbeat, confusion and even fainting when viewing art. Cyclic vomiting syndrome, or CVS, is characterized by attacks of severe nausea, vomiting, headaches and abdominal pain. It is documented that CVS is developed over childhood and has the chance of persisting into adult life.
Patients with CVS, on average, are years old , and symptoms include vomiting up to six times in an hour. Episodes may happen every few days, weeks or months and for some, there are warning signs of an attack, ranging from hypersensitivity to fatigue. Nail—patella syndrome also called NPS is a genetic disorder that results in underdeveloped fingernails and kneecaps. The name is misleading in that it can also affect other regions of the body, namely the chest and hips.
People with NPS may have pronounced deformities like limited motion of the elbows, severe scoliosis, and cervical ribs. Charles Bonnet syndrome , or CBS, is characterized as highly complex visual hallucinations in patients suffering vision loss. Sufferers are generally mentally sound except that they hallucinate vivid faces. They are aware that these are hallucinations and not real.
CBS affects people with visual impairments and patients with macular degeneration with glaucoma are most susceptible to CBS. Well, cotard delision a. The difference is the dead person they see […]. Sign up for the Thought Catalog Weekly and get the best stories from the week to your inbox every Friday. You may unsubscribe at any time. By subscribing, you agree to the terms of our Privacy Statement. Alice In Wonderland Syndrome Alice In Wonderland Syndrome is a rare psychological disorder where the sufferers experience size distortion, increased or decreased volume of sound, and exaggerated perception.
Lewandowsky-Lutz Dysplasia Lewandowsky-Lutz dysplasia is a hereditary skin disorder with no known cure-all treatment. Fish Odor Syndrome Trimethylaminuria is an incredibly rare metabolic disorder, which causes a person to have a strong body odor that resembles fish. Methemoglobinemia Methemoglobinemia is a disorder that describes blood with an abnormally high concentration of methemoglobin — a bluish-brown hemoglobin that carries iron in the ferric state.
Cotard Delusion Also known as Walking Corpse Syndrome, patients suffering from this mental disorder believe that they are dead.
Parry—Romberg Syndrome Parry—Romberg syndrome, or progressive hemifacial atrophy, is described as the progressive shrinkage and degeneration of the tissues beneath the skin, usually on one side of the face. Cronkhite—Canada Syndrome This rare syndrome is actually sporadic, meaning not hereditary, and the scientific community believes it to be an acquired disease. Kleine—Levin Syndrome Kleine—Levin syndrome is an extremely rare one in a million sleep disorder where the afflicted sleeps for days, or weeks on end.
Morgellons Syndrome Morgellons syndrome is a disorder where the sufferer believes that they are infested with insects or parasites , when in reality, they are not.
Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome Cyclic vomiting syndrome, or CVS, is characterized by attacks of severe nausea, vomiting, headaches and abdominal pain.
Nail-Patella Syndrome Nail—patella syndrome also called NPS is a genetic disorder that results in underdeveloped fingernails and kneecaps. Charles Bonnet Syndrome Charles Bonnet syndrome , or CBS, is characterized as highly complex visual hallucinations in patients suffering vision loss.
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